The LIFE + program, established in 1992, is the financial instrument of the European Union, which co-finances projects for the environment in the Member States and in Third Countries. Life Natura, in particular, is the specific instrument for the protection and conservation of Sites of Community Interest (SIC) included in the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) and the Special Protection Areas (ZPS) included in the Bird Directive (79/409/EEC), which contribute to the formation of the NATURA 2000 Network.
To date, within the National Park, the following Life Natura projects are active:
The LIFE14 NAT/IT/000759 WETFLYAMPHIBIA project, which sees the National Park as leader and partner of the State Forestry Corps, Union of Municipalities of the Casentino, Dream Italia, and the University of Pavia, over the next 6 years will take care of the conservation of amphibians (Apennine Uluru, Salamandrina di Savi, and Crested Newt), lepidoptera (Euplagia quadripunctaria and Eriogaster catax), and damp environments connected to them. Thanks to the site that has just been published and the Facebook page, it will be possible to stay updated on news and activities planned in the coming months.
The Life Eremita project sees the Emilia-Romagna Region as its leader, and the two national parks of the Casentino Forests and of the Tosco Emilian Apennines and four macro-areas as associated partners. The project will also deal with invertebrates related to dead wood, trying to make the most of the data collected by Life Mipp on Rosalia alpina and Osmoderma eremita, but also on two species related to still or flowing waters, the dragonfly Coenagrion mercuriale castellanii and the Graphoderus bilineatus aquatic beetle, with an expected close cooperation with LIFE Wetfly Amphibia.
The LIFE11 NAT/IT/000252 MIPP project, one of the two finalist projects of the "Natura 2000" award that the European Commission reserves every year for the projects that best contribute to the dissemination and pursuit of the objectives of Natura 2000, sees the commitment of the partners involved in the development of methods for the monitoring of certain species of beetles of Community interest, namely Osmoderma eremita, Lucanus cervus, Cerambyx cerdo, Rosalia alpina, Morimus funereus. Particular attention is also paid to the Citizen Science, i.e. the collection of wildlife data via the web, based on observations made by citizens via smartphones or other mobile devices. The coordinating beneficiary in this case is the State Forestry Corps, while the associated beneficiaries are the La Sapienza and Roma Tre Universities of Rome, the Ministry of the Environment, the Lombardy Region, and CREA-ABP of Florence.