The first news about the "marrone del Mugello" date back to the Roman period, but it became particularly important from an economic point of view since the High Middle Ages, to the extent that it was quoted in the registers of the Toll of Firenze in the 14th century. The Land Registry of Firenze talks about the Mugello as a land with "....great abundance of big and good chestnuts ....". At the end of the 19th century, the railway led to a strong development of the export of this fruit. After a period of crisis in the 50s, it is living today a new and interesting development. In 1996 the "Marrone del Mugello" gained the I.G.P. (Protected Geographical Indication). In 1998 the "Associazione Marrone del Mugello I.G.P." was established in order to safeguard this product and its by-products.
Current production area in the Park
Londa, San Godenzo.
The fruit has medium-large dimensions, and it has an elliptic ovoidal shape with a depressed top. Brown peel with darker streaks and considerable inner hairiness. The seed has a delicate and sweet taste, a cream colour, and it is covered with a thin brown film.
The season of the product
The product is on the market from 5th October and can be found as a fresh product, fresh and processed, dried with shell, dried without shell, and flour.